- European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA)
The European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) is an independent EU organisation established on 1 March 2007 and based in Vienna. It aims to provide the European institutions and EU Member States with assistance and expertise in the field of fundamental rights, in the application of EU law. Its main task is to collect and disseminate objective, reliable and comparable information on the situation of fundamental rights under EU law in all EU Member States. FRA is also charged with the responsibility of raising public awareness of fundamental rights by promoting the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights.
The Republic of Bulgaria monitors and participates in the Agency's work on: the fight against racism, xenophobia and related intolerance and intolerance; access to justice, asylum, migration and borders; hate crime, discrimination and violence based on the grounds of Article 21 of the Charter; privacy, protection of personal data; equality between women and men; disability rights; children's rights; and prejudice, intolerance and discrimination against minority groups.
- Third UNGA Committee
Third Committee of the UNGA, Social, Humanitarian and Cultural Affairs, meets annually at UN Headquarters in New York between October and November. Discussions in the Third Committee include thematic issues such as the advancement of women, the protection of children, the treatment of refugees, the elimination of racism and racial discrimination, as well as the human rights situation in individual countries. The Committee also addresses important social issues relating to youth, ageing, people with disabilities, the family, criminal justice, the fight against drug use, etc.
The upcoming 74th Session of the UNGA is of particular significance with regard to women's rights and the rights of the child, given the commemoration of the 40th anniversary of the adoption of the Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women, the 30th anniversary of the adoption of the Convention on the Rights of the Child, the 25th anniversary of the adoption of the Beijing Platform for Action, the 20th anniversary of the adoption of UNSCR 1325 and the 5th anniversary of the adoption of the Sustainable Development Goals.
It is important for Bulgaria to ensure the external dimension of the policy of protection of human rights and freedoms within the UN system. The promotion of mechanisms that signal their systematic violations is essential for crisis prevention. Effective protection is possible when the international community has the means to counteract and prevent escalations.
- OSCE Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights
Established in 1990 and based in Warsaw, the OSCE Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (ODIHR) is the main institution responsible for the OSCE's 'human dimension' activities. ODIHR's mandate includes the promotion of democratic electoral processes through long-term and short-term election observation in participating countries and through specific assistance programmes in this area; practical support for the consolidation of democratic institutions, including through long-term programmes and targeted projects to strengthen civil society and build administrative capacity.
"The OSCE Human Dimension tracks the implementation by participating States of their commitments to promote and protect human rights and fundamental freedoms, strengthen democratic institutions, respect the rule of law, ensure tolerance and protection from discrimination, guarantee freedom of expression, peaceful assembly, freedom of religion or belief, and other relevant issues of contemporary society.
The Human Dimension Review Meeting is the largest annual human rights forum in Europe, bringing together representatives of OSCE participating governments, NGOs, human rights defenders, international experts.
Bulgaria considers the protection of women's rights, opposition to discrimination, hate crimes, manifestations of aggressive racism, xenophobia, anti-Semitism, promotion of tolerance and dialogue between ethnic communities and cultures as significant issues in the field of the OSCE "human dimension".
The OSCE/ODIHR organises election observation missions based on a methodology it has developed to observe the electoral process in all its aspects; it maintains a team of experts in the field, as well as a database on the legislation and good practices of participating States.
- International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement
The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement (ICRC/RRC) consists of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC/RC), and 191 National Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies worldwide. The International Movement works in partnership with the Governments of States Parties to the Geneva Conventions of 1949 and their Additional Protocols. The ICRC/RC operates only in peacetime - coordinating and managing humanitarian assistance in natural and technological disasters, assisting the National Societies of the Red Cross and Red Crescent in developing their capacities and programmes in the health and social sectors. The ICRC has a mandate to develop and promote international humanitarian law and manages humanitarian assistance in times of conflict. Bulgaria was the 19th country in the world to establish its own national Red Cross Society in 1878. The Bulgarian Red Cross operates on the basis of the Bulgarian Red Cross Society Act and plays an auxiliary role to the State in the humanitarian sphere, in disaster relief, for the dissemination of international humanitarian law, the development of social and health programmes, etc.
The voluntary humanitarian commitments that Bulgaria as an EU member state has undertaken under the ICRC/RC are related to promoting compliance with and dissemination of international humanitarian law, promoting the implementation of the basic principles of the international Red Cross movement and the International Criminal Court, against sexual violence during armed conflict or disasters and other emergencies. The Bulgarian Government supports the appeals of the ICRC for emergency humanitarian assistance to affected populations in various parts of the world