Federal Republic of Germany
The newly established Bulgarian principality established diplomatic relations with Germany in 1879.
Over the years, bilateral relations have developed dynamically, based on close ties between the two nations, shared European values and a common approach to new global challenges. Dialogue and cooperation between the countries exist in all areas, as evidenced by the many meetings held in the last years. In 2018 President Rumen Radev met with Federal President Frank-Walter Steinmeier as part of a meeting of the Arraiolos Group in Riga. Chancellor Angela Merkel visited Sofia and spoke with Prime Minister Boyko Borissov. The two leaders also met as part of the French President Emmanuel Macron Charlemagne Prize award ceremony in Aachen and as part of the EU-Western Balkans Summit in Sofia. Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs Ekaterina Zaharieva had a conversation with Federal Minister of Foreign Affairs Heiko Maas in Berlin. In 2019 the German Federal President Frank-Walter Steinmeier visited Bulgaria. Prime Minister Boyko Borissov together with the Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs Mrs. Zaharieva took part on the Munich security conference (this happened also in 2020). The German Federal Minister of Foreign Affairs Hеiko Maas visited also Bulgaria. Mrs. Zaharieva visited twice Berlin: on the occasion of the 30th anniversary of the Fall of the Berlin Wall and regarding the 140th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between the two states. In 2020 Mr. Maas visited Bulgaria to present the priorities of the German Presidency of Council of the EU in the second part of the year. Mrs. Zaharieva visited three times Berlin on different occasions. Due to the difficult situation with the COVID-19 pandemic a planned visit in Bulgaria of Mr. Frank-Walter Steinmeier was postponed. In the period 08-09 July 2021 the German Federal President took part on the Summit of the Three Seas Initiative, that was held in Sofia. Friendship groups in the German Bundestag and the National Assembly also contribute to good contacts. The policy of the Bulgarian government is aimed at expanding and deepening the interaction with Germany and within the EU and NATO.
The Bulgarian side maintains intensive cooperation with all federal states, as it is carried out through Intergovernmental Commissions with Bavaria and Baden-Württemberg. In 2018, our country upgraded the class of the consular representation in Frankfurt am Main, and currently there are two Consulates General and five Honorary Consuls in the Federal Republic. The German side has two Honorary Consuls in Bulgaria.
Germany is Bulgaria's leading partner in the field of trade and investment. Proof of the importance of trade and economic relations between the two countries is the German-Bulgarian Chamber of Industry and Commerce, opened in March 2004. Our country is among the favourite tourist destinations for German tourists in the region.
According to official data, nearly 400000 Bulgarian citizens live in the Federal Republic. Many Bulgarian-German societies have been registered; there are church communities in Berlin, Munich, Dusseldorf and Bonn. The two countries have close and multilateral relations in the fields of culture, education and science. More than 20 Bulgarian schools operate on the territory of Germany, and the discipline "Bulgarian Language and Literature" is studied at eight universities. A German school has been operating in Sofia since 2008.